Symptoms and Indicators :
- Constant back pain and, less commonly, pain in the chest, hip, wrist and pelvic area.
- Developing a hunched back, or loss of height (due to compression of the spinal column).
- Tendency to suffer fractures after relatively minor falls.
- Amenorrhoea (absence of menstrual periods) is associated with reduced oestrogen levels and, possibly, osteoporosis.
- If your doctor can help you find out if you have high-risk genes for osteoporosis, you may be able to take preventive measures early.
For osteopenia and osteoporosis, doctors focus on medication to slow bone loss and reduce the risk of fractures. They also suggest lifestyle changes. For severe cases and for fractures, surgery could be an option. Being diagnosed with osteopenia left me shaken, yet I was relieved to have identified the cause of my pain and also to know that I could, with a few dietary changes, reverse my condition.